8.1. General information
Fig. 6.1. Steering details: 1 — a safety cushion; 2 — a nut of fastening of a steering wheel; 3 — a steering wheel; 4 — the screw of fastening of a safety cushion; 5 — a facing casing of a shaft of steering; 6 — a contact ring of the switch of a sound signal; 7 — the block of understeering switches; 8 — a steering shaft lock-nut; 9 — a steering shaft pipe; 10 — an arm of fastening of a shaft of steering; 11 — the protection cover; 12 — a steering shaft;
13 — the cardan hinge of steering; 14 — a cover; 15 — an arm; 16 — a stopper; 17 — the valve; 18 — sealing rings; 19 — a driving gear wheel of a lath; 20 — pipelines of system of the hydraulic booster; 21 — a lath emphasis assembled; 22 — an adjusting washer; 23 — a cuff; 24 — a protective cover of the steering mechanism; 25 — an expansion ring (on cars with petrol engines); 26 — steering draft; 27 — a tip of steering draft; 28 — the fixing washer; 29 — collars of fastening of a protective cover; 30 — brackets of fastening of a case of the steering mechanism; 31 — support of a case of the steering mechanism;
32 — a case of the steering mechanism; 33 — a lath of the steering mechanism
Install safety steering (fig. 6.1)
with the steering lath — mechanism on cars a gear wheel. The steering mechanism fastens on a body cross-piece. The shaft of the steering mechanism consists of two parts connected among themselves by the cardan hinge. The steering wheel is regulated on height. The steering drive includes two steering drafts connected by hinges to rotary cams.
The hydraulic booster consisting of the power cylinder and the rotating distributor is combined with the steering mechanism.
The pump of the hydraulic booster of steering of bladed type is given from a pulley of a bent shaft by a poliklinovy belt on cars with the petrol engine and a usual maple belt on cars with the diesel engine.
Radius of turn of the car, m:
with petrol engines: 9,6
with the diesel engine: 10,4
Speed of a steering wheel between extreme provisions:
with petrol engines: 3,17
with the diesel engine: 2,95
Total transfer number of steering 17,1:1
Working pressure of the pump of the hydraulic booster of 7,497 — 8,075 MPas
(76,5 — 82,4 kgfs/cm2)